Effectiveness of Vibration Control System as Tuned Liquid Dampers on High Rise Buildings

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Aslahudheen T., K. Goumathy


The need to build flexible and slender buildings, that have relatively low damping properties has attracted engineers attention to look for efficient and economical techniques to control the vibrational response of structures. Recently, Tuned Liquid Dampers (TLD) has increased in popularity due to its low installation and maintenance costs. TLD is a passive damping device that consists of rigid tanks filled with liquid to suppress the horizontal vibration of structures. The tank is designed so that the liquid surface wave has frequency tuned to the fundamental frequency of the building. The main objective of this work was to propose TLD tanks for a 40 storeyed building in Kerala. The structure was first modelled and then its fundamental natural frequency was found out by carrying out free vibration analysis. TLD is then modelled into the structure and changes in natural frequencies were monitored. The structure was subjected to an earthquake loading (El-Centro Earthquake) and its frequency response was compared without TLD’s and with TLD’s. The optimum mass ratio was obtained at 0.8 % and corresponding reduction in displacement was found to be 28.73 %. Based on the optimum mass ratio obtained, number of TLD tanks, its dimensions and required water depth for the structure to control vibrations was proposed.

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